Different Speech & Language disorders for children
1. Language disorders: (Delayed language development).:

Language disorder in children refers to problems with either:

  • Getting their meaning or message across to others (expressive language disorder), or

  • Understanding the message coming from others (receptive language disorder)

  • Children with a receptive language disorder have difficulty understanding langugae. They may have:

    • A hard time understanding what other people have said

    • Problems following directions that are spoken to them

    • Problems organizing their thoughts

  • Children with an expressive language disorder have problems using language to express what they are thinking or need. These children may:

    • Have a hard time putting words together into sentences, or their sentences may be simple and short and the word order may be off

    • Have difficulty finding the right words when talking, and often use placeholder words such as "um"

    • Have a vocabulary that is below the level of other children the same age

    • Leave words out of sentences when talking

    • Use certain phrases over and over again, and repeat (echo) parts or all of questions

    • Use tenses (past, present, future) improperly

2. Due to SLI (specific language impairment) :

Specific language impairment (SLI) is a language disorder that delays the mastery of language skills in children who have no hearing loss or other developmental delays.

Specific language impairment (SLI) is diagnosed when a child's language development is deficient for no obvious reason.

Children with specific language impairment (SLI) have major problems in learning to talk, despite showing normal development in all other areas. a typical 7- or 8-year-old child with SLI may talk like a 3-year-old.

The cause of SLI is unknown, but recent discoveries suggest it has a strong genetic link.

3. Autism:

Autism is a lifelong developmental disorder. While there is no cure, evidence shows that access to an early intervention program can make a difference to a child's development..

Autism is part of a spectrum that is often referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). People with autism share challenges in three main areas, however, their condition can affect them differently. Some people are able to live relatively 'normal' everyday lives, while others may require ongoing specialist support and care.

Reality to a person with autism is a confusing mix of events, people, places, sounds and sights. There seem to be no clear boundaries, order or meaning in their lives.

Social interaction and communication are fundamental components of our daily lives and influence our ability to fit in and function in society.

- Secondary to autism,learning disability,mental retardation (downs syndrome),ADHD(attention deficit hyperactive disorder),hearing impairment etc.

4. Phonological processing disorder:

A phonological process disorder refers to deficits with phoneme patterns within the context of conversational speech. With phonological processes, there are consistent error patterns in connected speech that may include: reductions, simplifications, vowel substitutions, and placement changes, which are made in the production of the target words.

Causes:

While the etiology of phonological disorders is sometimes unknown, speech errors are often demonstrated in children who present with certain developmental, neurological, and genetic disorders.

Children with hearing loss or a history of ear infections at a young age may also be at a higher risk for acquiring a phonological disorder.

Can identify by:

A child is highly unintelligible when speaking and demonstrates consistent error patterns in their speech, they may be presenting with a phonological disorder. Children with speech production disorders may also become frustrated when communicating, as others have a difficult time comprehending them. Some of your child’s error patterns may consist of

  • Deletion of consonants : “house” becomes “hou”

  • Simplifications: “spoon” becomes “pun”,Reductions: “umbrella” becomes “ella”Fronting: “cat” become “tat”