Children with ODD often display a pattern of negative, aggressive, and noncompliant behavior that is beyond what is typical for their age and development.
The symptoms of ODD may include:
Frequent temper tantrums or angry outbursts
Arguing with adults or refusing to comply with rules or requests
Deliberately annoying or provoking others
Blaming others for their own mistakes or misbehavior
Being easily annoyed or angered by others
Being spiteful or vindictive toward others
Being resentful or holding grudges
Having difficulty maintaining friendships or relationships
These symptoms must be present for at least six months and must be severe enough to cause significant impairment in social, academic, or occupational functioning.
It's important to note that occasional oppositional or defiant behavior is normal in children and adolescents, and not all children who display these behaviors have ODD. However, when the behavior is persistent, frequent, and severe, it may indicate the presence of ODD. A comprehensive evaluation by a qualified mental health professional is necessary to diagnose ODD and develop an appropriate plan for treatment and support.