There is no single cause of Feeding and Swallowing Disorders (FSD) in infants and children. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
Structural abnormalities in the mouth, throat, or esophagus
Neurological conditions, such as cerebral palsy or Down syndrome
Gastrointestinal disorders, such as reflux or pyloric stenosis
Developmental delays or disorders, such as autism or intellectual disability
Behavioral or sensory issues, such as aversion to certain textures or tastes
Trauma or injury to the head or neck
Chronic illness, such as cystic fibrosis or sickle cell disease.
In some cases, the exact cause of FSD may be unknown.