Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects children and can persist into adulthood. The disorder is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which can interfere with daily functioning and academic performance.
Children with ADHD may have difficulty sustaining attention, completing tasks, following directions, and staying organized. They may be easily distracted, forgetful, and struggle with time management. They may also have difficulty sitting still, engaging in quiet activities, and waiting their turn, and may be perceived as disruptive or impulsive.
ADHD is typically diagnosed based on a comprehensive evaluation, including a review of the child's medical and developmental history, observation of behavior, and assessment of symptoms.
Treatment for ADHD often involves a combination of medication and behavioral therapy. Medications such as stimulants and non-stimulants can help reduce symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Behavioral therapy, such as parent training and social skills training, can help improve organizational skills, impulse control, and social interactions.
Early diagnosis and treatment of ADHD can significantly improve outcomes for children with the disorder, including academic success, social functioning, and overall quality of life. Parents and caregivers can work closely with their healthcare providers to develop an individualized treatment plan that meets the unique needs of their child with ADHD.